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The '''Black Panther Party''' or the '''BPP''' (originally the '''Black Panther Party for Self-Defense''') was a political organization founded by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton in October 1966. The party was active in the United States from 1966 until 1982, with international chapters operating in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s, and in Algeria from 1969 until 1972. At its inception on October 15, 1966, the Black Panther Party's core practice was its armed citizens' patrols to monitor the behavior of officers of the Oakland Police Department and challenge police brutality in Oakland, California. In 1969, community social programs became a core activity of party members.; ; ; The Black Panther Party instituted a variety of community social programs, most extensively the Free Breakfast for Children Programs, and community health clinics to address issues like Food Justice|food injustice. The party...
LogoBpp logo.PNG
Colorcode{{Black Panther Party/meta/color}}
LeaderHuey P. Newton
Foundation{{Start date and age|1966}}
Dissolution{{End date|1982}}
Ideology{{Plainlist|
PositionFar-left
CountryUnited States
International| colors =
AuthorlinkPeniel Joseph|publisher = Henry Holt|year = 2006|isbn = |location = |page = 219}}{{Cite book|title = New Day in Babylon: The Black Power Movement and American Culture, 1965-1975|last = Van Deburg|first = William L.|authorlink=William L. Van Deburg|publisher = University of Chicago Press |year = |isbn = |location = |page = 155}} The party was active in the United States from 1966 until 1982, with international chapters operating in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s,{{cite news|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/27/britain-black-power-movement-risk-forgotten-historians|title=Britain's black power movement is at risk of being forgotten, say historians|last=Brown|first=Mark|date=27 December 2013|work=The Guardian|accessdate=2 January 2017}} and in Algeria from 1969 until 1972.{{Citation|last = Meghelli|first = Samir|contribution = "From Harlem to Algiers: Transnational Solidarities Between the African American Freedom Movement and Algeria, 1962-1978"|title = Black Routes to Islam| editor-last = Marable| editor-first = Manning|publisher = Palgrave Macmillan|year = 2009| pages = 99–119.}}
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